Hanan Eshel The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hasmonean State (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature))
Eerdmans | 2006 | ISBN: 0802862853 | 208 pages | PDF | 10,7 MB
Clear historical allusions in the Dead Sea Scrolls are very few, but this does not mean that the Scrolls cannot be placed within a historical context. E. aims to do this, aware that some scholars writing on the Scrolls do not take into account the archaeological and historical sources (especially Josephus) that are available to us. He therefore revisits many familiar topics, progressing in chronological order through the Hasmonaean dynasty: Antiochus IV (4Q248; 1QM; 4Q390), Jonathan the Hasmonaean (CD and Pesharim), John Hyrcanus (4Q379 on Joshua 6.26), the =Prayer for the Welfare of King Jonathan‘ (4Q448), Alexander Jannaeus (pesher Nahum; 11QT) and his successors (4Q333; 4Q468; 4Q471; and Pesharim), and the assassination of Pompey (4Q386). The assumption is that the Maccabaean crisis is still the natural context in which the Qumran community formed, and that the lack of post-Hasmonaean references is owing to a change in the community‘s notion of their enemy (now the Romans) after the death of the Teacher of Righteousness. While much of the historical allusions must remain tentative and cannot be proven, cautious reconstruction of the possibilities is welcome, and the historical context does throw fresh, even intriguing, light on particular scrolls. An earlier version of this work was published in Hebrew in 2004, but the English edition has an updated bibliography, incorporates new scholarship and adjusts the references to an English-speaking audience.