Marcia Merryman Means, The Crusades Reference Library Vol 1 - 4
ISBN: 0787691763, 0787691771, 078769178X, 0787692174 | edition 2004 | PDF | 645 pages | 54 mb
The three-volume The Crusades covers everything from the First Crusade (1095-99) through the Ninth Crusade (1271-72). The Crusades: Almanac discusses various topics, including the conquering of Jerusalem by the caliph Umar, pilgrimages to the Holy Land, the traditions of chivalry, Shiites and Sunnis, territorial expansion and colonization as motivations for the crusades, Knights Hospitalers and Knights Templars and more. The Crusades: Biographies explores many key figures, such as Pope Urban II, Saladin, Pope Innocent III, Peter the Hermit, Richard I of England, Frederick I of Germany, Francis of Assisi, Stephen of Cloyes and others.