To Have and Have Not: Southeast Asian Raw Materials and the Origins of the Pacific War
Publisher: University of California Press | ISBN: 0520088239 | edition 1995 | Html| 296 pages | 0.5 mb
This text argues that it was not ideological or national security considerations that led the United States into war with Japan in 1941. Instead, it argues, it was a struggle for access to Southeast Asia's vast storehouse of commodities - rubber, oil and tin - that drew the US into the conflict. Departing from conventional wisdom, Marshall re-examines the political landscape of the time and recreates the mounting tension and fear that gripped US officials in the months before the war. Unusual in its extensive use of previously ignored documents and studies, this work records the dilemmas of the Roosevelt administration: it initially hoped to avoid conflict with Japan but, after many diplomatic overtures, it came to see war as inevitable. Marshall also explores the ways that international conflicts often stem from rivalries over land, food, energy and industry. His insights into "resource war," the competition for essential commodities, should shed new light on US involvement in other conflicts - notably in Vietnam and the Persian Gulf.