A Pictorial Record of the Qing Dynasty - Business Documents by Tianjin Municipal Archives
Gale Asia; 1st edition | May 31, 2008 | English | ISBN: 9814246190 | 352 pages | PDF | 74 MB
Tianjin is one of the most important cities in northern China and a gate to the nation s capital. To some extent, Tianjin in the history of pre-modern China is a microcosm of Chinese society at that time. After the first Opium War in 1840, the Western powers accelerated their incursion and plunder of China. During the second Opium War, the Qing Dynasty was forced to sign the Treaty of Tianjin with Great Britain, France, and the United States of America. In 1860, it was again forced to sign the Treaty of Beijing with Great Britain, France, and Russia.