The Physics of Disordered Systems By Gautam I. Menon, Purusattam Ray
English | PDF | 2012 | 185 Pages | ISBN : 9380250320 | 17.05 MB
Why should we care about disordered systems? First, because virtually every physical system of experimental relevance is disordered: Crystals achieve a perfectly periodic arrangement of atoms only in the inaccessible zero temperature limit. Materials which superconduct at relatively high temperatures require their insulating parent compounds to be doped away from chemical stoichiometry. Structural glasses, such as window glass, behave like solids to mechanical perturbations but are amorphous, re- sembling fluids, in their structure. The semiconductor chips at the heart of virtually all of modern technology originate in the incorporation of controlled amounts of impurities into ultrapure silicon.